Bilateral Tubal Ligation (Tubal Sterilization)
What is Tubal Ligation?
Tubal ligation refers to a surgical intervention meant for female sterilization. It involves the removal or permanent blocking of the fallopian tubes. It inhibits the fertilization of eggs by a sperm, thereby preventing conception. Tubal ligation is considered an irreversible or permanent method of birth control. Female sterilization is the most common method of contraception worldwide, used by 19 percent of all women ages 15 to 49 years who are married or in a relationship union. Reliance on female sterilization is highest in Asia (23.4 percent) and Latin America and the Caribbean (26 percent), and lowest in Africa (1.7 percent) and Europe (3.8 percent).
Female sterilization is one of the most commonly used methods of contraception in the United States; 25.1 percent of contracepting women, or 15.5 percent of all women ages 15 to 44 (9.4 million women), rely on sterilization. Female sterilization is second only to oral contraceptives, which are used by 25.9 percent of contraceptive users, or 16.0 percent of all women of childbearing age. Prevalence of having had a female sterilization increases with age, marital status (currently or previously married), and increasing parity.
How effective is the procedure of Tubal Ligation?
Tubal Ligation is more effective than most other contraceptive methods, including condoms and diaphragms. It is estimated that about 1 in 200 women become pregnant after undergoing tubal ligation.
Can Tubal Sterilization be reversed if you change your mind?
Tubal sterilization is an irreversible surgical procedure. Hence, women cannot have children after they have undergone tubal ligation. However, it should be noted that tubal sterilization can be reversed by another surgery. The procedure involves reattachment of the fallopian tubes to allow the passage of sperms and eggs. However, only 50-80% of women are able to get pregnant after the procedure. Hence, this method of contraception is considered suitable only for women who have had children and do not wish to have more children in the future.